Converting MIF to XML - Java Version

In my previous post I discussed a tool called mif2xml for converting MIF files to an intermediate XML dialect. In this post I’ll talk about the Java port of mif2xml called mif2xml-j which you can download here including just the executable jar.

JFlex is a lexical analyzer generator for Java and is the library I chose to use for creating the MIF lexer. The first step was to get JFlex integrated into my build environment. For this project I decided to use ant but integrating JFlex into another build environment should be straightforward. I created the following directory structure:

--/
  |-- src/main/jflex/               - JFlex lexical specifications
  |-- src/main/resources/MANIFEST   - Defines main class for executable jar
  |-- src/main/java/                - Java source
  |-- lib/                          - 3rd party libraries (JFlex.jar)
  |-- build.xml                     - Ant build file

JFlex comes bundled with a JFlexAntTask which provides a very convenient <jflex/> task. Here’s a snippet of the ant build file I created which shows how to set it up:

<property name="src"   location="${basedir}/src/main/java" />
<property name="lib" location="${basedir}/lib" />
<property name="scanner-file" value="${basedir}/src/main/jflex/mif.jflex" />

<path id="classpath">
    <pathelement location="${build}" />
    <fileset dir="${lib}">
        <include name="*.jar" />
    </fileset>
</path>

<taskdef classpathref="classpath" classname="JFlex.anttask.JFlexTask" name="jflex" />

<target name="jflex" description="Generate the MIF lexer">
    <echo message="Generating the MIF Lexer" />
    <jflex file="${scanner-file}" destdir="${src}" />
</target>

I found writing the lexical specification in JFlex and flex to be very similar. JFlex has a great user manual which contains a lot of useful info. Here’s the mif.jflex file:

/*
 * Copyright 2007 Andrew Bruno <aeb@qnot.org>
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 */

package org.qnot.mif2xml;
import java.util.Stack;

%%

%{
  private Stack<Tag> tags = new Stack<Tag>();
  private StringBuffer data = new StringBuffer();
  private StringBuffer facet = new StringBuffer();
%}

%line
%char
%standalone
%class  MifLexer
%xstate DATA
%xstate STR
%xstate FACET

ID=[A-Za-z][A-Za-z0-9]*
TAG="<"{ID}" "
TAG_END=">"
NONNEWLINE=[^\r|\n|\r\n]
NEWLINE=[\r|\n|\r\n]
WHITE_SPACE_CHAR=[ \n\t]

%%

<YYINITIAL> { 
   {TAG}   {
        Tag tag = new Tag();
        tag.setName(yytext().substring(1, yytext().length()-1));
        tags.push(tag);
        tag.writeStart();
        data = new StringBuffer();
        yybegin(DATA);
    }

    {TAG_END}   {
        if(!tags.empty()) {
            Tag tag = (Tag)tags.pop();
            tag.writeEnd();
        }
    }

    ^"="[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9]*{NEWLINE} {
        facet = new StringBuffer();
        facet.append(yytext());
        yybegin(FACET);
    }

    {WHITE_SPACE_CHAR}+   {  /* eat up whitespace */ }
    {NONNEWLINE}          {  /* eat up everything else  */ }
}

<DATA> {
    {NEWLINE}  {
        if(!tags.empty()) {
            Tag tag = (Tag)tags.pop();
            tag.setValue(data.toString());
            tags.push(tag);
        }
        yybegin(YYINITIAL);
    }
    "`"  {  yybegin(STR); }
    {TAG_END}  {
        if(!tags.empty()) {
            Tag tag = (Tag)tags.pop();
            String value = tag.getValue();

            String dataStr = data.toString();
            if(dataStr != null && dataStr.length() > 0) {
                value = dataStr;
            }

            if(value != null) {
                value = value.replaceAll("^\\s+", "");
                value = value.replaceAll("\\s+$", "");
            }

            tag.setValue(value);
            tag.writeEnd();
        }
        yybegin(YYINITIAL);
    }
    [^\n|\r|\r\n|`|>] {
        data.append(yytext());
    }
}

<STR> {
    "'"  {
        if(!tags.empty()) {
            Tag tag = (Tag)tags.pop();
            if(tag.getValue() == null || tag.getValue().length() == 0) {
                tag.setValue("`'");
            }
            tags.push(tag);
        }
        yybegin(YYINITIAL);
    }
    [^']*  {
        if(!tags.empty()) {
            Tag tag = (Tag)tags.pop();
            StringBuffer buf = new StringBuffer();
            buf.append("`");
            buf.append(yytext());
            buf.append("'");
            tag.setValue(buf.toString());
            tags.push(tag);
        }
    }
}

<FACET> {
    ^"=EndInset"{NEWLINE} {
        facet.append(yytext());
        Tag.writeFacet(facet.toString());
        yybegin(YYINITIAL);
    }

    .*{NEWLINE} {
        facet.append(yytext());
    }
}

I created a simple Tag class to encapsulate a MIF XML tag and handle writing out each tag. The MifLexer keeps a stack of Tag instances while it’s processing the input file:

/*
 * Copyright 2007 Andrew Bruno <aeb@qnot.org>
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 */

package org.qnot.mif2xml;

public class Tag {
    private String name;
    private String value;

    public String getName() {
        return this.name;
    }

    public String getValue() {
        return this.value;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public void setValue(String value) {
        this.value = value;
    }

    public void writeEnd() {
        if(value != null && value.length() > 0) {
            System.out.print(escape(value) + "</" + name + ">");
        } else {
            System.out.print("</" + name + ">");
        }
    }

    public void writeStart() {
        System.out.print("<" + name + ">" );
    }

    public static void writeFacet(String facet) {
        System.out.print("<_facet><![CDATA[");
        System.out.print(facet);
        System.out.print("]]></_facet>");
    }

    private String escape(String str) {
        str = str.replaceAll("&", "&");
        str = str.replaceAll("\"", """);
        str = str.replaceAll(">", ">");
        str = str.replaceAll("<", "<");
        str = str.replaceAll("^\\s+", "");
        str = str.replaceAll("\\s+$", "");

        return str;
    }
}

There’s a separate Main class which creates a new instance of the MifLexer class for processing the file passed in on the command line. I’d like to eventually extend this class so that it handles command line options and possibly even runs some XSLT’s over the generated MIF XML.

/*
 * Copyright 2007 Andrew Bruno <aeb@qnot.org>
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 */

package org.qnot.mif2xml;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileReader;

public class Main {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        if(args.length != 1) {
            System.err.println("Usage : mif2xml <inputfile>");
            System.exit(1);
        }

        try {
            MifLexer scanner = new MifLexer(new FileReader(args[0]));
            System.out.print("<?xml version=\"1.0\"?><mif>");
            scanner.yylex();
            System.out.print("</mif>");
        } catch(FileNotFoundException e) {
            System.out.println("File not found : "+args[0]);
        } catch(IOException e) {
            System.out.println("I/O error scanning file '"+args[0]+"': "+e.getMessage());
        } catch(Exception e) {
            System.out.println("Unexpected exception: " + e.getMessage());
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

To run the code download the executable jar and run

$ java -jar mif2xml-0.1.jar myfile.mif

The MIF XML will be printed to stdout.